#tzars #baroque #emperors #palaces #prairies
Being the largest country in the World, Russia is undoubtedly a land of contrasts. Russia spreads for thousands kilometers though Europe and Asia covering 1/7 of the entire planet and crossing 11 time zones.nWhen Russia comes to your mind, there is a clear vision of Moscow and Kremlin, Saint Petersburg and the Hermitage, the Transsiberian or an abundance of wooden churches in the countryside. We specialise in the European areas of Russia such as Saint Petersburg and Kaliningrad which are both on the Baltic seacoast and share some historical, geographical and cultural similarities with the Baltic States.
Saint-Petersburg, the most European city in Russia, celebrated its 310 anniversary in 2013. Founded in 1703 by Russian Emperor Peter the Great as a fortress, it soon became the capital of the Russian Empire. Since 1918 the capital of the state has been returned back to Moscow, but Saint-Petersburg has maintained the unofficial status of the second capital. Now it is the second largest Russian city with 4.7M inhabitants, the only city in the world with population over a million of people located so far in the North, a major sea and river port of Russia and a “window to Europe” as Peter the Great desired. Saint-Petersburg combines its fascinating Russian heritage with a distinctly European outlook. Russian Tzars invited the best architects, sculptors, painters, engineers from France, Italy, Netherlands, and Germany to make the new capital unique and most beautiful in whole Europe. Saint-Petersburg has the reputation of the cultural capital of Russia for its outstanding intellectual, architectural, historical and cultural heritage.
The exclaved oblast forms the westernmost part of Russia; it has no land connection to the rest of the countryHistorically, the region was German and the capital was known as Königsberg and it consisted of the northern half of historic East Prussia. The Kaliningrad Oblast thus has only been part of Russia since 1945. Many towns in Kaliningrad Oblast are on the Baltic Sea coast, and have beautiful sandy beaches. It was also the heart of old Prussian kingdom of Brandenburg-Prussia with many ruins of old castles and forts dotting the landscape. Kaliningrad Oblast produces 90% of the world’s amber supply.